In the 1860s, the United States government sent most Lenape remaining in the eastern United States to the Indian Territory(present-day Oklahoma and surrounding territory) under the Indian removal policy. According to Dutch settler Isaac de Rasieres, who observed the Lenape in 1628, the Lenape’s primary crop was maize, which they planted in March. Lenape leaders in the lower Delaware refused to accept it. We invite you to learn Lenape words in our Sound Booth workshop, the first language spoken in Lower Manhattan! We invite you to learn Lenape words in our Sound Booth workshop, the first language spoken in Lower Manhattan! The museum’s permanent and temporary exhibitions—as well as a range of public programs, including music and dance performances, films, and symposia—explore the diversity of the Native people of the Americas. Learn more at americanindian.si.edu. Although Penn endeavored to live peaceably with the Lenape and to create a colony that would do the same, he also expected his authority and that of the colonial government to take precedence. 17th Century: New Amsterdam was founded in 1624 by the Dutch in what would later become New York City. The Lenape invented the tasty movie theater treat, popcorn! First Contact with Europeans: The first recorded contact with Europeans presumed to have been the Lenape was in 1524. Traditionally they were divided into the Munsee, Unami, and Unalachtigo, three social divisions determined by language and location. On the west side, the Delaware people The Lenape lived in numerous small towns along the rivers and streams that fed the waterways, and likely shared the hunting territory of the Schuylkill River watershed with the rival Iroquoian Susquehannock. An overview of the Lenape worldview and belief system including several legends and traditional stories. They had permanent, seasonal settlements with social and political organizations. Originally known as the Lenni Lenape or "the true people," the Delaware were relocated by the United States in the 1860s to Oklahoma. CMA is a non-profit art museum introducing children and families to contemporary art exhibitions and art-making workshops. Since the land in question did not belong to their polities, the talks came to nothing. Thanks to you, we serve over 57,000 NYC children free of charge each year. Learn more at, 6 Fun Facts About Flubber (Plus a Recipe to Make Your Own! With the fur sources exhausted, the Dutch shifted their operations to present-day upstate New York. ), 6 NYC Museums That Explore Identity and Community, 6 Fun Places to View Art in NYC’s Chinatown Neighborhood, Sign up to get updates and special invitations. About 6,000 years ago, the Lenape Indians settled in what is now the U.S. States of New York, Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.They fished and hunted and collected seeds, roots, and nuts. Children and adults are equally mesmerized by the ooey, stretchy, and colorful… Read more, Our current exhibition Home Sweet Home: Is a Home a Sanctuary? See more ideas about Delaware indians, Native american indians, Native american history. The Lenape or Delaware tribe, also called the Lenni Lenape, are of the Algonquin family, and first lived New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and New York. CMA’s Indigenous Peoples Cultural Festival will be held on Sunday, November 4th. In the mid-1730s, colonial administrators produced a draft of a land deed dating to the 1680s. Despite being the first Indian tribe to sign a treaty with the American government, most Lanape were relocated to Oklahoma in the mid-1800s. But colonial administrators had prepared the draft that resurfaced in the 1730s. Some of their place names, such as Manhattan, Raritan, and Tappan were adopted by Dutch and English colonists to identify the Lenape people that lived there. They quickly adopted European metal tools for this task. Like most tribes, Lenape communities were weakened by newly introduced diseases originating in Europe, mainly smallpox but also cholera, influenza and dysentery, and recurrent violent racial conflict with Europeans. The walking trail ran north from what is now Battery Park all the way to Boston. Women had knee- or calf-length wrap-around skirts and wore fur robes in winter, or a beautiful mantle made from turkey feathers. Food, clothing, homes, weapons and culture of the Lenape people. They are recognized by the state of New Jersey, having reorganized and maintained elected governments since the 1970s. Trying to raise money, they contemplated ways to sell Lenape land to colonial settlers. Iroquoian peoples occasionally fought the Lenape. Today, Lenape communities live all across North America. The divisions and troubles of the American Revolutionary War and United States’ independence pushed them farther west. The Lenape suffered similar fate as the other natives and were continually pushed west. By Leah Alexander-These are not my pictures and music i do not own- This site is not sponsored by nor is it affiliated with any Lenape-Delaware Tribe or Nation nor by any other Native American organization. Two bands presently occupy reservations in Oklahoma -- The Delaware Nation and The Delaware Tribe of Indians -- and both are federally recognized Indian tribes. The Lenape called themselves 'Lenni-Lenape' (also recorded as Leni-Lenape), which literally means 'men of men', but is translated to mean 'original people'. Part of the Algonquin Nation, the Lenape Indians were respected as peacemakers, often called upon to negotiate between rival tribes. CIVICKIDS is sponsored by Google. During the American Revolution, the Munsee-speaking Lenape bands of the Ohio Country were deeply divided over which side, if any, to take in the conflict. Their dire situation was exacerbated by losses from intertribal conflicts. CMA’s free Community Programs bring outstanding arts education to underserved children and families in NYC. Where subways now rumble and skyscrapers soar, the Lenape harvested oysters, fished and gardened. Hereditary leadership passed through the maternal line, and women elders could remove leaders of whom they disapproved. The colony had a short life, as in 1632 a local band of Lenape killed the 32 Dutch settlers after a misunderstanding escalated over Lenape defacement of the insignia of the Dutch West India Company. The Lenni Lenape (Len-na Len-NAW-pay) people (also called the Delaware Indians) are in the ALGONQUIN language group. The name Manhattan itself comes from their language. Posted on Last updated: April 30, 2020 By: Author Russell Yost. Their bands lived in numerous villages around their main village of Coshocton. The men limited their agricultural labor to clearing the field and breaking the soil. Although the Unami and Munsee speakers people are related, they consider themselves as distinct, as they used different words and lived on opposite sides of the Kitatinny Mountains of modern Pennsylvania. Three Lenape tribes are federally recognized in the United States. The first residents of Lower Manhattan were the Lenape People, and they called the island Manahatta, meaning hilly island. During the Beaver Wars in the first half of the 17th century, European colonists were careful to keep firearms from the coastally located Delaware,while rival Iroquoian peoples such as the Susquehannocks and Confederation of the Iroquois became comparatively well armed. Families were matrilocal; newlywed couples would live with the bride’s family, where her mother and sisters could also assist her with her growing family. In the decades immediately following, some 20,000 new colonists arrived in the region, putting pressure on Lenape settlements and hunting grounds. The Lenni Lenape earns the status as the First Nations band government in Canada. Lenape kinship system has matrilineal clans, that is, children belong to their mother’s clan, from which they gain social status and identity. In the 21st century, most Lenape now reside in the US state of Oklahoma, with some communities living also in Wisconsin, Ontario (Canada) and in their traditional homelands. The settlers eventually renamed the original people of New Jersey “Delaware Indians.” The tribe of “Lenape” and “Delaware” are synony­mous, the former being of native tongue and the later of English language, named after the English nobleman Lord De la Warr, … The older reference of these people is the Lenape or Lenni Lenape. The Unami and Munsee languages belong to the Eastern Algonquian language group. The Lenape were the first tribe to sign a treaty with the United States and the first tribe to have land set aside for them in New Jersey. In their gardens the Lenape Indians planted corn, beans, and squash. The mother’s eldest brother was more significant as a mentor to the male children than was their father, who was generally of another clan. Ears of corn were tied … The clothing of the Lenape was simple. We are a member of the Confederation of Sovereign Nentego-Lenape Tribes, which is an intertribal union between our Tribe and the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Indian Tribe (headquartered in Bridgeton, New Jersey) with which we are historically and genealogically interrelated. Smallpox devastated native communities even located far from European settlements by the 1640s. People often call them as the Delaware Indians. The explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano was greeted by local Lenape who came by canoe, after his ship entered what is now called Lower New York Bay. 21st Century Look at a Lenape Tribe in Berks County: Lesson plan on the history and culture of the Pennsylvania Lenape people. They also planted squash, whose broad leaves cut down on weeds and conserved moisture in the soil. Based on the historical record of the mid-seventeenth century, it has been estimated that most Lenape polities consisted of several hundred people but it is conceivable that some had been considerably larger prior to close contact, given the wars between the Susquehannocks and the Iroquois, both of whom were armed by the Dutch fur traders, while the Lenape were at odds with the Dutch and so lost that particular arms race. Penn gained a reputation for benevolence and tolerance, but his efforts resulted in more effective colonization of the ancestral Lenape homeland than previous ones. At the time of the Revolutionary War, the Lenape villages lay between the western frontier strongholds of the British and the Patriots: the American colonists had Fort Pitt and the British with Indian allies controlled the area of Fort Detroit. Stockbridge-Munsee Community, Bowler, Wisconsin. Lenape population fell sharply during this period, due to high fatalities from epidemics of infectious diseases carried by Europeans, such as measles and smallpox, to which they had no natural immunity, as the diseases had arisen on the Asian continent and moved west into Europe, where they had become endemic in the cities. Copyright © 2021 The History Junkie | Bamboo on Trellis Framework by Mediavine, The History Junkie's Guide to Connecticut Genealogy, Family Search – Lenape and Delaware Indian Genealogy, William Penn’s Description of Lenape Indians, The History Junkie’s Guide to Native American History, The History Junkie’s List of Native American Tribes, The History Junkie’s Guide to Colonial America, Eight Reasons The Americans Won The Revolutionary War, Middle Colonies Facts, Economy, and Influence, Delaware Tribe of Indians, Bartlesville, Oklahoma. lenape tribe facts October 12, 2020UncategorizedNo Comments The Lenape called themselves 'Lenni-Lenape' (also recorded as Leni-Lenape), which literally means 'men of men', but is translated to mean 'original people'. , a nonprofit organization founded and maintained by Native American artists and educators residing in the New York City area, to present workshops inspired by traditional and contemporary arts practices from the Indigenous community. Subsequently, the Lenape became subjugated and made tributary to first the Susquehannocks, then the Iroquois, even needing their rivals’ agreement to initiate treaties such as land sales. They are also called Delaware Indians and their historical territory included present-day New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River watershed, New York City, western Long Island, and the Lower … Algonquian Spirit: Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Delaware and other Algonquian tribes. In 1634, the Iroquoian-speaking Susquehannock went to war with the Lenape over access to trade with the Dutch at New Amsterdam. 18th Century – Today: William Penn died in 1718. But, such leaders as Teedyuscung in the east and Tamaqua in the vicinity of modern Pittsburgh shifted to building alliances with the English. They have not yet achieved federal recognition. Vegetables were eaten as soon as they were ripe, or some were also stored away for the wintertime. 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