Geological Survey and Southern California Earthquake Center: The magnitude 6.7 Northridge, California, earthquake of 17 January 1994. The set, which is at ABC Television Center, suffered major damage, including partial structural collapse and water damage. [57], Section of collapsed low-rise apartment buildings, Lifestyle disruptions in the weeks following. [47] The damage caused a shutdown of the campus and delayed the start of the 1994 Spring semester. As a result, the state legislature passed a law requiring all hospitals in California to ensure that their acute care units and emergency rooms would be in earthquake-resistant buildings by January 1, 2005. https://www.history.com/topics/natural-disasters-and-environment/1994-northridge-earthquake. The City of Santa Monica provided assistance to landlords dealing with repairs so tenants could return home as soon as possible. Los Angeles International Airport and other airports in the area were also shut down as a 2-hour precaution, including Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport (now Hollywood Burbank Airport) and Van Nuys Airport, which is near the epicenter, where the control tower suffered from radar failure and panel collapse. UCLA and other local universities were also shut down. In particular, buildings with an unstable first floor (such as those with parking areas on the bottom) performed poorly. CSUN received financial assistance for its efforts in reestablishing the damaged buildings with monetary gifts from the McCarthy Foundation, the Common Wealth Fund, and the Union Bank Foundation. The 1994 Northridge Earthqake occured on a then unknown fault. The quake had a duration of approximately 10–20 seconds, and its peak ground acceleration of 1.82 g0 (17.8 m/s2)[7][8] was the highest ever instrumentally recorded in an urban area in North America. The Northridge earthquake was the costliest natural disaster to have occurred in the United States at the time, and is today the third largest economic loss caused by a natural disaster in the nation’s history. The 1994 Northridge earthquake was named for Northridge based on early estimates of the location of the quake's epicenter; however, further refinements showed it to be technically in neighboring Reseda. Did you know? [citation needed]. Two 6.0 Mw  aftershocks followed, the first about one minute after the initial event and the second approximately 11 hours later, the strongest of several thousand aftershocks in all. (1997). A motorcycle police officer died when his vehicle plunged off of a just-collapsed section of freeway. All Rights Reserved. In the weeks following the quake, many San Fernando Valley residents had either lost their homes entirely or experienced structural damage too severe to continue living in them without making repairs. The Los Angeles Clippers of the NBA had three home games postponed or moved to other venues. "Fatal and hospitalized injuries resulting from the 1994 Northridge earthquake", https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-iris-adrian-1440804.html, "25 Years Later: The Desperate Search for Survivors at Northridge Meadows Apartments", "Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology", "Interchange Named for Officer Who Died in Quake", "Earthquake: Disaster Before Dawn: Scoreboard Crashes Onto Seats in Anaheim Stadium: Collapse: The 17.5-ton Sony 'Jumbotron' also destroyed a section of roof as it broke loose and fell to the left-field upper deck", "Comments for the Significant Earthquake", "Dangerous L.A. apartment buildings most at risk in an earthquake are quickly being fixed", "Earthquake: The Long Road Back: Hospitals Strained to the Limit by Injured: Medical care: Doctors treat quake victims in parking lots. The Los Angeles City Hall suffered no damage. [50] The Fine Arts Building and the South Library experienced internal structural damage, resulting in the demolition and replacement of both buildings. The Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Profit and Loss" was being filmed at the time, and actors Armin Shimerman and Edward Wiley left the Paramount Pictures lot in full Ferengi and Cardassian makeup, respectively. [37] The season five episode of Seinfeld entitled "The Pie" was due to begin shooting on January 17 before stage sets were damaged. LOS ANGELES – The 1994 Northridge earthquake shook Los Angeles residents from their sleep, caused freeways to crumble and flattened buildings. The 1994 Northridge Earthquake was a violent natural disaster that took place on Monday, January 17, 1994 at 0430 Pacific Standard Time around the Los Angeles area. Northridge 1994: Main facts-Timing: January 17, 1994, 4:30 am-Size: M = 6.7, 10-20 seconds of shaking-Epicenter at Northridge, CA, on previously unknown fault The Animaniacs segment "A Quake! The pe… California engineers had classified and codified building irregularities as early as 1980s. The quake had a duration of approximately 10–20 seconds, and its peak ground acceleration of 1.82 g0 (17.8 m/s ) was the highest ever instrumentally recorded in an urban area in North America. An estimated $350 million (equivalent to $600 million today) was used to supply the number of trailers and domes which housed classes and administration offices. [52] CSUN also received assistance from government agencies FEMA and OES to support the recovery effort and serve the needs of the local community. The third major earthquake to occur in the state in 23 years (after the 1971 San Fernando Valley and 1989 San Francisco–Oakland earthquakes), the Northridge earthquake was the state’s most destructive one since the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 and the … [clarification needed] Also, ABC's General Hospital, which shoots in Los Angeles, was heavily affected. On January 17, 1994, at 4:31 a.m. PST, a magnitude 6 .7 earthquake centered in Northridge struck the southern California area. Schneider, E., Hajjeh, R. A., Spiegel, R. A., Jibson, R. W., Harp, E. L., Marshall, G. A., . The first and second episodes of the fifth season of Baywatch featured the earthquake, and how the lifeguards responded to it, professionally and personally. Some people even made temporary relocations closer to their jobs while their homes or neighborhoods were being rebuilt. The magnitude 6.7 Northridge earthquake started on Jan. 17, 1994 at 5 seconds before 4:31 a.m. KROQ-FM's Kevin and Bean morning show asked those people tuned in to stay out of their homes. Interruptions to road transport caused Metrolink to experiment with service to Camarillo in February and Oxnard in April,[42][43] which continues today as the Ventura County Line, and extended the Antelope Valley Line almost ten years ahead of schedule. When the Northridge earthquake struck at 4:31 a.m. on January 17, 1994, it left much of the city in ruins with buildings and freeways collapsed. Damaged portion of the Golden State Freeway at Gavin Canyon, January 17, 1994. The Historic Egyptian Theater in Hollywood was red-tagged and closed as was the Capital Theater in Glendale due to structural damage. The major Hollywood film studios including Warner Bros., 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Paramount Pictures, Walt Disney Studios and Universal Studios were also shut down. [15] Several other faults experienced minor rupture during the main shock and other ruptures occurred during large aftershocks, or triggered events. Description. LOS ANGELES (AP) – The 1994 Northridge earthquake shook Los … Therefore, caution should be taken in seismic design of diaphragm walls using ACI 318 code requirements. Although several commercial buildings also collapsed, loss of life was minimized because of the early morning hour of the quake, and because it also occurred on a federal holiday (Martin Luther King Jr. Day). The Northridge Earthquake: January 17, 1994. [citation needed] Estimates of total damage range between $13 and $40 billion.[30]. [38], Some archives of film and entertainment programming were also affected. [45] The 1994 Northridge earthquake greatly affected the CSUN campus, damaging much of its infrastructure, and causing multiple fires and explosions throughout the campus. [29] The stadium was vacant at the time. It was closed for the second time since the Loma Prieta earthquake. The building containing the set was later "red tagged" as unsafe due to the damage it sustained. Associated Press • January 16, 2014. When the Northridge Earthquake caused a massive power outage in L.A. in 1994, panicked residents called 911 to express alarm about a strange ethereal light overhead; they were seeing the Milky Way Galaxy for the first time. The quake produced unusually strong ground accelerations in the range of 1.0 g. Damage was also caused by fire and landslides. The recording venues Capitol Records and Warner Bros. Records were shut down at the time of the quake. This was the first earthquake to strike directly under an urban area of the United States since the 1933 Long Beach earthquake . The 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake (M=5.9), like the Northridge shock, occurred on a buried, previously unknown fault. This is my story, in relation, to the 1994 Northridge Earthquake. Learn 1994 Northridge earthquake facts for kids. CSUN President Dr. Blenda Wilson assured the rental of temporary structures to be placed in available spaces throughout the campus. The rebuilt interchange was renamed in his honor a year later.[28]. [33] As expected, unreinforced masonry buildings and houses on steep slopes suffered damage. Date January 17, 1994 (1994-01-17) Origin time 04:31 PST (12:30 UTC) Magnitude 6.7 Mw. But that doesn’t have to mean it’s prone to devastation. Five days later, it was estimated that between 40,000 and 60,000 customers were still without public water service. Enrollment dropped by approximately 1,000 students, leaving some homeless as dormitories were closed due to damage which rendered them unsafe and which required repair.[51]. In response, the California Legislature created the California Earthquake Authority (CEA), which is a publicly managed but privately funded organization that offers minimal coverage. The campus still opened and provided students with mobile classrooms and mobile offices. The quake ruptured the San Andreas fault to the north and south of the city, for a total of 296 miles, and ...read more, On September 21, 1999, an earthquake in Taiwan killed more than 2,400 people, destroyed or damaged thousands of buildings and left an estimated 100,000 people homeless. Parade, scheduled to take place on January 17, was not held. The earthquake struck in the San Fernando Valley about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles. The exact number of fatalities is unknown, with sources estimating it at 60[1] [17]or "over 60",[18] to 72,[19] where most estimates fall around 60. In Valencia, the California Institute of the Arts experienced heavy damage, with classes relocated to a nearby Lockheed test facility for the remainder of 1994. British musicians Paul Hardcastle and Simon Harris narrowly escaped injury and were among guests evacuated when the Sheraton-Universal Hotel in Universal City, California where they were staying was damaged during the earthquake. He likely did not realize until too late in the early morning darkness that the elevated roadway had collapsed. The Northridge quake, named after the San Fernando Valley community near its epicenter, was the costliest in U.S. history, with damages estimated at more than $20 billion, and resulted in 57 deaths. There were no immediate foreshocks. The Northridge earthquake was used as a plot device in the 2004 film, A song about the earthquake was featured in the, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 19:40. Radio stations such as KFI, KFWB and KNX were on the air during the main tremor, which caused their signals to get very noisy. At around 7:19 a.m. on September 19, 1985, Mexico City, one of the world’s largest urban areas, was jolted by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake, ...read more, On October 17, 1989, a magnitude 6.9 earthquake hit the San Francisco Bay Area, killing 67 people and causing more than $5 billion in damages. [53] UCLA and Pierce College opened their doors and allowed CSUN students to use their libraries while providing shuttle buses to and from the university. At 4:31 a.m. on January 17, 1994, a 6.7-magnitude quake struck the San Fernando Valley, a densely populated area of Los Angeles located 20 miles northwest of … Six new stations opened in six weeks. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The earthquake also gained worldwide attention because of damage to the vast freeway network, which serves millions of commuters every day. However, the damage revealed that some structural specifications did not perform as intended. The cast and crew had initially thought that the scenes that were filmed before the real quake struck were a bit overdone, but upon viewing the footage after the earthquake, they were reportedly startled by the realism of it. [16], Damage occurred up to 85 miles (137 km) away, with the most damage in the west San Fernando Valley, and the cities and neighborhoods of Santa Monica, Hollywood, Simi Valley and Santa Clarita. The seismic event led to millions of dollars worth damage resulting in a sharp drop in student enrollment. Depth 19.0 km (11.8 mi) Epicenter location 34°12′25″N 118°32′06″W / 34.207°N 118.535°W / 34.207; 118.535 Coordinates: 34°12′25″N 118°32′06″W / 34.207°N 118.535°W / 34.207; -118.535. Also, because of known seismic activity in California, area building codes dictate that buildings incorporate structural design intended to withstand earthquakes. It was the worst earthquake to hit Taiwan–where quakes are common due to its location in a seismically active ...read more, On October 8, 2005, a magnitude 7.6 earthquake shook the Kashmir region (a disputed territory controlled in part by Pakistan and India), along with sections of Pakistan, India and Afghanistan. Werner, S. B. For example, the original 35 mm master films for the 1960s sitcom My Living Doll were destroyed.[39]. [24] Not only were they unable to serve their local neighborhoods, but they also had to transfer out their inpatient populations, which further increased the burden on nearby hospitals that were still operational. The Northridge earthquake of 1994 was an earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California on January 17, 1994. Northridge earthquake of 1994, earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California, U.S., on Jan. 17, 1994. The earthquake had a strong moment magnitude at around 6.7, although ground acceleration was one of the highest ever recorded in an urban region of North America. From the ones we know about, the deadliest by far happened in China in 1556 A.D. On January 23 of that year, a powerful quake rocked the province of Shaanxi as well as the neighboring province of Shanxi, killing an ...read more. Strong ground motion was felt as far away as Las Vegas, Nevada, about 220 miles (350 km) from the epicenter. Most casualties and damage occurred in multi-story wood frame buildings (such as the three-story Northridge Meadows apartment building). Northridge Earthquake By Jake and Jordi Damage Quick Facts The Northridge earthquake caused extensive damage to parking structures and freeway overpasses Northridge earthquake triggered landslides in the Santa Susana Mountains, Santa Monica Mountains, and western San Gabriel [14] It occurred on a previously undiscovered fault, now named the Northridge Blind Thrust Fault (also known as the Pico Thrust Fault). The analysis of the effect of Northridge earthquake on behavior of structures has been investigated by many researchers. [29] The theme parks Disneyland, Knott's Berry Farm and Six Flags Magic Mountain were shut down after the quake, but only for inspections since all were designed with earthquakes in mind. The seismic event killed two CSUN students at the Northridge Meadows Complex along with 14 other residents. 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