© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins The “institution” is even more odious under Mormon than Mohammed. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), also called Mormonism, church that traces its origins to a religion founded by Joseph Smith in the United States in 1830. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. Strife with Mormons erupted again. mon (môr′mən) Mormon Church n. 1. In 1831, Smith relocated the church headquarters to Kirtland and over nearly 10 years, he formulated its essential polity and several of its present teachings. Mormon history is largely a repeating pattern: LDS members form an insular community somewhere, buy and sell principally with each other and dominate the local economy and political scene, followed by harassment and violence from the area’s prior residents, leading to guerrilla warfare and the expulsion of the Mormons to a new territory, where it all started again. Joseph Smith had planned to relocate his followers to the Great Basin in the Rocky Mountains. Smith further reported that, three years later, he encountered an angel named Moroni who revealed to him the existence of buried golden plates that bore engravings, in an archaic tongue, of the history of early peoples of North America. This remained the policy of the church until 1978. The original Mormon temple was opened in Kirtland in 1836. The number of Utah settlements increased*, ultimately forcing the resident Indians, in particular the Utes, onto reservations. Expulsion from Missouri Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition Or do you just have an interest in foreign languages? As a label, Mormonism has been applied to various aspects of the Latter Day Saint movement. He, his brother Hyrum, and other church leaders were arrested and incarcerated. Since 1994, Quatr.us Study Guides has offered free history and science articles to keep you connected to the latest discoveries in world history. 1912 January, Zane Grey, chapter 1, in Riders of the Purple Sage: A Novel, New York, N.Y.; London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, OCLC 6868219: 1.1.1. The 1830s was a decade of expansion, but also significant difficulties cropped up in those years. – Their History, Beliefs and Practices. Mormon definition: 1. a member of a religious group called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which…. A member of the Mormon Church. However, once the Civil War was concluded and slavery was ended, the federal government turned its eye back to Utah to end the other “relic of barbarism,” polygamy, or plural marriage. One element founded a newspaper to castigate Smith, who had become a presidential contender. A new church They told him to be ready for a significant project. However, distress rose again. a prophet whose supposed revelations were recorded by Joseph Smith in the Book of … The Mormon Church was founded in New York after Joseph Smith, Jr. claimed to have found a buried book of golden plates written by ancient American prophets in the late 1820s. Are you learning Spanish? The original Mormon temple was opened in Kirtland in … Does “Bimonthly” Mean Twice A Month Or Every Two Months? :WHO ARE MORMONS? This scheme was now implemented by [Brigham Young], who had become the new head of the church. The term Mormon has been used to refer to members of all these groups, but it most often refers solely to members of The Ch… In its nearly two hundred-year history, Mormonism has spread from its headquarters in the American Midwest and finally Utah, to become an international church with most of its members living outside the United States. originally, Mormon was the name of the ancient American prophet who compiled the writings that constitute the Book of Mormon. As an adjective by 1842. adj. In short, Mormon leaders are confronting a crisis of faith—and a crisis of authority. Links go to pages that give a fuller treatment of the time period of the various issues and periods. The paper was demolished, and Smith caught the blame. Nauvoo rapidly became the state`s biggest city. Smith`s narrative of these events reports that God and Jesus Christ appeared to him in 1820 outside of Palmyra, New York. The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. Anti-Mormon public outcry persuaded President James Buchanan to replace Young with a non-Mormon governor and dispatch soldiers to occupy Utah in 1857. Mormon definition: Mormon means relating to the religion started by Joseph Smith in the United States . What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? Its swift expansion to more than 12,000 by 1845, and the impact of Mormons on state politics, induced non-Mormons to be wary and antagonistic again. In addition, by the early 1840s, the resentment was exacerbated by Smith’s king-like aspirations and by rumors that Mormons were starting to practice polygamy, the condition of having more than one spouse. : a member of a Christian church that was founded by Joseph Smith in the U.S. in 1830 : a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. Others are from the Book of Mormon itself, e.g., books such as 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, and Alma.) (originally derogatory, sometimes proscribed) A person who believes in the Mormon religion, which worships Elohim, views Joseph Smith as his prophet and has the Bible and the Book of Mormon as its main scriptures. Learn more. (Editor’s note: many of the references in our articles on Mormonism are Mormon publications, such as Mormon Doctrine, Articles of Faith, Doctrines of Salvation, History of the Church, Doctrine and Covenants, and so forth. “Capital” vs. “Capitol”: Do You Know Where You’re Going? Due to the hostility shown towards the Mormons, he decided they needed to move somewhere safer. The term Mormon, often used to refer to members of this church, comes from the Book of Mormon , which was published… After Smith's death in 1844 the movement split into several groups following different leaders; the majority followed Brigham Young, while smaller groups followed Joseph Smith III, Sidney Rigdon, and James Strang. Published in 1945, Brodie's No Man Knows My History was the work of a disaffected Mormon, the daughter of a general authority and the niece of Church President David O. McKay. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. the popular name given to a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The territory`s population capped 140,000 in 1877. The word Mormon originally derived from the Book of Mormon, a religious text published by Smith as "Another Testament of Jesus Christ". Mormon (n.) "adherent of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints," 1830, introduced by the religion's founder, Joseph Smith (1805-1844), in Seneca County, N.Y., from Mormon, supposed prophet and author of "The Book of Mormon," explained by Smith as meaning more mon, from English more + Egyptian mon "good." A Mormon dream became reality in 1896 when Utah became the 45th state. . Mormon meaning: 1. a member of a religious group called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which…. Another tenet of Mormonism that eventually succumbed was the attitude towards blacks, who were denied the chance to achieve the priesthood in the early Mormon church. Marriott, with its deep history in the Mormon faith, portrays itself as a deeply ethical institution. The history of so broad a movement cannot be adequately condensed, but in the pages that follow is an outline of Mormon History from 1820 to contemporary times. The main events described within the Book of Mormon take place between 600BC to 421AD, although parts go right back to the Tower of Babel, some 2,000 years ago! Utah Territory The trouble that followed was dubbed the Utah War, which nearly became a major conflagration. Of or relating to the Mormons, their religion, or the Mormon Church. The "Mormon" people throughout the country were in a great state of alarm, and also in great distress. ), with full bibliography and citation information. Members of a mob fatally shot Smith and his brother in an assault on the lockup on June 27, 1844. Learn more. The term Mormon, often used to refer to members of this church, comes from the Book of Mormon, which was published by Smith in 1830; use of the term is discouraged by the church. One respected historian, Sydney E. Ahlstom, wrote in 1982 "One cannot even be sure, whether [Mormonism] is a sect, a mystery cult, a new religion, a church, a … According to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), the Garden of Eden in which God placed Adam and Eve is located in Jackson County, Missouri, near … 1. Expelled from Missouri the same year, nearly 15,000 Mormons retreated to Illinois. During the early 1830s, Mormons founded colonies at Independence, Missouri, and Kirtland, Ohio. Smith said the Angel Moroni, who was the guardian of these plates, had directed him to these writings and that his mission was to publish a translation of this book. An ancient prophet believed to have compiled a sacred history of the Americas, which was translated and published by Joseph Smith as the Book of Mormon in 1830. The church`s organization is traditionally held to have occurred in Fayette, New York, in 1830. Mormons often referred to … Official Mormon histories about Joseph Smith may have been misleading. Young led an intrepid party of immigrants into the Great Salt Lake valley in 1847.

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