Read the … According to some, 'Kalikata' is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, which means Ground of Kali (the goddess) On June 20 1756, on the last night before the monsoon, 43 of the 64 British prisoners locked in a room at Fort William by the young nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-Daula, died of heat prostration, and another legend was born: the black hole of Calcutta. I just made this change. According to one view, the elephants of the Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah were posted here when he attacked Kolkata in 1756. Firstly, the city has always been pronounced Kolkata by the Bengalis. Firmly believing in the adage "the more the merrier," the state will be called Bangla in Bengali, Bengal in English and Bangal in Hindi. Well, for all those need a little brush-up, let us tell you about the origin of Kolkata as briefly as possible. But the British called it Calcutta. Ethnically sensitive examples include the proposals by the Bharatiya Janata Party (1990, 2001) to rename Ahmedabad to Karnavati[5] and Allahabad to Prayagraj, the latter finally being officially adopted in 2018. Kolkata, Bengali Kalikata, formerly Calcutta, city, capital of West Bengal state, and former capital (1772–1911) of British India.It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. The area also was named after him and later the name was changed to the current one. Internationally, however, Calcutta may still be the most commonly used name. Now comes the story. In the post-colonial era, several Indian states' names were changed. Kolkata Isn't Just The City Of Mother Teresa In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali … Tipu Sultan Mosque at the corner of Chowringhee Road and Dharmatala, was built in 1842, by Prince Gholam Mohammad, a son of Tipu Sultan. There are also plans to change other anglicised place names. Mumbai is in the honour of Mumbra Devi whereas Kolkata was always pronounced such in Bengali. When I moved from California to Calcutta in 2011, I would joke that I had merely exchanged one Cal for another. Finally, in 2001, it was changed to Kolkata. Goodbye to the city of dreadful night, and the black hole of Calcutta. Calcutta HC judges 'No' to change in name to Kolkata HC Mobile helping farmers get compensation for wildlife conflict Why keeping Vaccination Card up-to-date is … The country's culture hub, Calcutta or 'Cal' adopted its Bengali name Kolkata officially in 2001. But the British called it Calcutta. Aside from changes to the official English spellings of local names there have also been renaming proposals to realign the official name, hence the English name with an alternative local name. Still, it was not bad. "The Ministry has not yet reverted back on the issue," a senior high court official said here today. [6], Official name changes take place quickly if not immediately in official government sources. Kolkata (Calcutta) Tourism and Travel: Best of Kolkata (Calcutta) About Kolkata (Calcutta) This former British colonial stronghold boasts evidence of over two millennia of habitation, with ornate, architecturally diverse buildings, ranging from crumbing ruins to Victorian treasures. W hen I remember Calcutta – as the residents of Kolkata still call their city, despite its official name change – it appears before my mind’s eye in sepia tones, muted and mild, as if everything were seen through a thick particulate haze. Such changes in English spelling may be in order to better reflect a more accurate phonetic transliteration of the local name, or may be for other reasons. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. This also makes it the world's 8th largest metropolitan area as defined by the United … Realignment of the official Indian English name to an alternative local name, India and the World Bank: The Politics of Aid and Influence - Page 126 Jason A. Kirk - 2011 "Orissa (Note: This state was officially renamed Odisha in March 2011)", Cosmopolitanism - Page 73 Carol A. Breckenridge, Sheldon Pollock, Homi K. Bhabha - 2002 "In one sense, the decision to officialise the name, Calcutta: A Cultural and Literary History - Page 3 Krishna Dutta - 2003 "nationalist stance, like Bombay, which changed its name to Mumbai, or Madras, which has become the unrecognisable Chennai, Calcutta has preferred a comparatively minor name change, which frankly is a bit of a multicultural mishmash. It is the second largest city in India after Mumbai. The closest rendering in spoken Bengali sounded more like Koli-kata. In the early years after Indian independence, many name changes were effected in northern India for English spellings of Hindi place names that had simply been romanised inconsistently by the British administration – such as the British spelling "Jubbulpore," renamed "Jabalpur" (जबलपुर) among the first changes in 1947. A few months ago, the state government introduced the use of Bengali for official work and is to begin phasing out English. This makes it the third largest city of India. But is it ... Calcutta? Other changes were only changes in some of the indigenous languages. When I moved from California to Calcutta in 2011, I would joke that I had merely exchanged one Cal for another. Town names that derive from ancient names: Several other changes have been proposed for states and towns. The renaming of states and territories in India has also taken place, but until the 2010s with actual substantial name changes in both local language and in English such as the old British state name of Travancore-Cochin to Kerala (1956). Kolkata was formerly known as Calcutta: Origin of the name Calcutta is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. "We want to know our past. The change will occur on August 24, Calcutta's 390th birthday. Thus Calcutta became the third Indian metropolis to get a new name. But the decision has not met with approval from all quarters. ", Gazetteer of the Nellore District: Brought Up to 1938 - Page 151 Government Of Madras Staff, Government of Madras - 1942 "... of the Ramayana (2000 — 1500 BC) was a dense jungle, while the town of Nellore, which came into existence only several centuries later, was known as Simhapuri (Lion's town), from the supposed existence of lions in the adjacent forests. The name change has gone through the state government (though the national parliament in New Delhi has yet to ratify it). I am curretly in Kolkata/Calcutta and can categorically state that the title Calcutta is obslete here. Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. Now comes the fun part. I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikivoyage from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. Late on Tuesday, riding a wave of sentiment that has been percolating for months among native Bengali-speakers, the West Bengal state legislature voted unanimously to cast off the old name. I can quote Shelley," says the former Maoist guerrilla. … The confusion inherent in such variations has often resulted in serious consequences like people having two "different" addresses (theoretically designating the same place) in their official records leading to legal disputes, or one house having residents of different house addresses due to differing place names. ", "David Rumsey: Geographical Searching with MapRank Search (beta)", "How Bombay became Mumbai. Especially in Calcutta, which barely existed before the Raj. I suppose that’s what diesel fumes can do to daylight, and to memory. Image Courtesy: Remote Traveler. Kolkata (West Bengal) [India], September 8 (ANI): The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. With Mother Teresa in the headlines, so is the name of the city where she lived for decades. Hatibagan. The bill also proposes to change the name of IIM Calcutta to IIM Kolkata. Some of these changes coincided with the States Reorganisation Act of 1956, a major reform of the boundaries of India's states and territories that organised them along linguistic lines. The confusion inherent in such variations has often res… Since 1760, the street has seen several name changes as Calcutta consistently swelled and developed into a larger metropolis. Thus Calcutta became the third Indian metropolis … And Calcutta became Kolkata. In 1957, the West Bengal government ordered the removal of the bronze statue of Gen. James Outram, a landmark in Calcutta. KOLKATA: Judges of Calcutta High Court have unanimously declined to accept the Centre's proposal for renaming it as Kolkata High Court and have communicated the view of the full court to Union Law Ministry. The name was changed by an act of the Indian parliament in 1997. (The full text of the announcement reads: "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkatta'(sic)." ", Temples and legends of Himachal Pradesh - Page 38 Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury - 1981 "Mandi takes the name from Mandavya. An example is the change from English "Calcutta" to English "Kolkata" – the local Bengali name (কলকাতা Kôlkata) did not change. More recent and high-profile changes – including renaming such major cities as Calcutta to Kolkata – have generated greater controversy. Calcutta's new name reflects its Bengali history The Indian Government has backed plans for the city of Calcutta to be readopt its pre-colonial Bengali name - Kolkata. Calcutta, the bustling metropolis where I was born, once the First City of the British Raj, had already rechristened itself as Kolkata in 2001. It is on the east bank of the River Hooghly. Notable city names that were officially changed by legislation after independence include: For others, by state order, see list of renamed Indian cities and states. West Bengal the state of Bengalis in India is rich in art, food, and culture. When it is called Calcutta, it includes the suburbs. - Slate Magazine", "Deccan Herald: Centre clears change in names of Karna cities, Belgaum now Belagavi", "Failed game-changers become name-changers", https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Kerala-to-become-Keralam/articleshow/6166573.cms, "Allahabad is now Prayagraj, Yogi's Cabinet renames historic city", https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/west-bengal-renaming-centre-says-hasnt-approved-name-change-mamata-banerjee-writes-to-pm-modi/articleshow/70059673.cms, https://hindustantimes.com/india-news/as-gujarat-sets-to-rename-ahmedabad-to-karnavati-shiv-sena-demands-name-change-of-osmanabad-and-aurangabad/story-tsa2wD3VOcL9wex76Jt0MP.html, "10 Indian cities that changed their names", "Now, Indore to become Indur, Bhopal Bhojpal", "BJP to rename Hyderabad, Karimnagar if it forms govt in Telangana: UP CM Yogi Adityanath", "BJP lawmaker demands change of Nizamabad's name to 'Indur, https://indianexpress.com/article/india/uttar-pradesh-bjp-muzaffarnagar-will-be-renamed-lakshmi-nagar-mla-sangeet-singh-som-5439986/, Geographical Dictionary Of Ancient And Mediaeval India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Renaming_of_cities_in_India&oldid=998925702, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Assamese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 17:40. --(WT-en ) Evan 12:12, 2 Dec 2005 (EST) This article was the Collaboration of the week between 11 July 2006 and 17 July 2006. The city so redolent of the Raj has tossed away the stain of its imperial past along with its name (it hopes), and from next month will be known by its Bengali equivalent: Kolkata. For example, the change of Madras (Tamil: மதராஸ் Madras) to Chennai (Tamil: சென்னை Chennai) was reflected in many of India's languages, and incidentally in English, while the Tamil endonym had always been Chennai and remained unaffected by the change. "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkata'," an official release said. Kolkata (spelled Calcutta before 1 January 2001) is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal. In 1773 Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai) became subordinate to the government at Fort William. The most notable exceptions are Indian English spelling-changes of Orissa to Odisha (March 2011)[1] and the union territory of Pondicherry (which includes the city of Pondicherry) to Puducherry. The name was changed by an act of the Indian parliament in 1997. He was commander of the British forces during the 1857 Indian mutiny. Even (Romanised) English spellings in long and wide use often vary depending upon which government department or agency uses them. He does, liberally, along with Bertrand Russell, George Bernard Shaw, John Ruskin and other friends of the British working and intellectual classes whom Mr Haque absolves of responsibility for the colonial era. In other words, the city itself is not actually renamed in the local language, and the local name (or endonym) in the indigenous languages of India does not change, but the official spelling in Indian English is amended. If that is the case, then Evan's argument still stands. Kolkata City Of Joy: Beautiful Bengal Moist weather, fish curries, agarbatti aromas, sweet mishtis…art, culture, history and dance all are in one land Bengal. Two centuries later, the Albanian-born nun Mother Teresa would tap into hoary and embellished tales of those deaths, and the ravages wrought on a city by famine and war in its hinterlands, and labour unrest in its heart. Unless we know our past, we cannot know ourselves or our own great Bengali nation, which has been slowly de stroyed for the last 200 years," says Azizul Haque, vice-president of the Bhasha Shahid Smarak Samiti, the language martyrs' memorial committee. However, a change in English may sometimes also be a reflection of changes in other Indian languages other than the specific local one. According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location … I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikitravel from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. In the case of smaller towns and districts which were less notable outside and inside India, and where a well known English name (or exonym) could not be said to exist, older spellings used under British India may not have had any specific legislation other than changes in practice on the romanisation of indigenous Indian language names. Experts fear the move will not only erode the IIM-C brand value, but also confuse applicants and employers since IIM Kozhikode is also popularly known as IIM-K. Last week the Calcutta High Court refused bail to a Hindi-speaking computer programmer charged with setting up a website dedicated to anti-Bengali and anti-communist slurs. The news says that Kolkata – the city of Joy is changing the name again. We want to face up to the chains. Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. I tried to avoid changing "Kolkata" to "Calcutta" in proper names. The renaming of cities is often specifically from English to Indian English in connection with that dialect's internal reforms. [7] Adoption may be slower among the media in India and abroad, and among Indian authors.[8][9][10]. Calcutta to Kolkata. . The are a number of reasons why Calcutta changed its name to Kolkata. The city came to life in 1690 when Job Charnock, a young merchant of the East India Company, set up the first permanent colony in the richest province of the Mughal empire: choosing a village on the Hooghly river known as Kali-kshetra, then Kali-kata, after the Hindu female deity. I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikivoyage from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. Film-maker Mrinal Sen, who is revered as a cultural icon in Calcutta, said: "They say this is how we can get rid of the colonial legacy. The city’s former name, Calcutta, is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. The reason for this change was that in two of the local languages, Marathi and Gujarati, the city has long been called Mumbai. Calcutta's new name reflects its Bengali history The Indian Government has backed plans for the city of Calcutta to be readopt its pre-colonial Bengali name - … Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. The name change was part of a wider movement to do away with the anglicised version of city names that were allocated by the British while they were in charge. The change was finally approved on December 23, 2000 15 and ended up being more drastic than anticipated. However, the origins of the city’s name are still shrouded in mystery. Name changes have varied with respect to the levels of language at which they have been applied, and also accepted. The former capital of British India is the third metropolis in less than four years to change its name, much to the disgust of the Statesman newspaper, itself a 111-year-old relic of the Raj. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. • The southern state of Kerala led the way in changing place names to remove the colonial influence. Here are some of the most popular theories regarding the origins of the name of India’s City of Joys. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta in English, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly.The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. The advertisement of purveyors D. Wilson and Company (David Wilson & Company) - owners of Asia, India and Kolkata’s longest surviving hotel - The Great Eastern Hotel - communicated that its ‘Hall of All Nations’ had a plentiful stocks of Christmas fare – turkey, ham, beef, and a wide variety of cakes, sweets and biscuits.‘Hall of All Nations’ was actually a large … Kolkata was officially called Calcutta until 2001. It didn't really affect us much. The changes, an editorial said, represented "a brownie point for obscurantist chauvinism". It is on the east bank of the River Hooghly. It was not technically true. … Street-wise Kolkata: How Park Street got its name; Street-wise Kolkata: How Park Street got its name Kolkata’s decision to rename Park Street after Mother Teresa is a perplexing one, since she had little to do with the thoroughfare and its environs, but the street’s name change is hardly a new occurrence. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. Kolkata (West Bengal) [India], September 8 (ANI): The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. Rich in art, food, and the `` pestilential city '' was immortalised in Rudyard Kipling 's city... ( Romanised ) English spellings in long and wide use often vary depending upon which government department agency. If that is the capital city 's name to Kolkata – have generated controversy... Regarding the origins of the River Hooghly Kolkata – have generated greater controversy dharma, one of the languages! It includes the suburbs ended up being more drastic than anticipated Calcutta always! 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