Hundreds of varieties of sweet pea have been developed and are grown as garden ornamentals or are grown commercially for the floral industry. It typically grows up to 1.8 m tall with a spread of 0.5 m. ‘Almost Black’ sweet peas are part of the Grandiflora variety series. But you can help activate germination by nicking the seed coat with a … Cut sweet pea flowers frequently and remove faded blooms to encourage a more extended season of bloom. Ethylene will shorten the vase life. The vinelike stem is 1.2–1.8 metres (4–6 feet) long and bears alternate compound leaves with two oval leaflets and a terminal tendril. Like any other plant, sweet peas attract insect pests and diseases that affect its growth and vigor. Registration name: Sweet Pea Exhibition name: Sweet Pea. Read more below to know more about the different types of sweet peas, as well as some useful how-to-grow and care tips. Regular watering is necessary for sweet peas to achieve optimum growth, especially during the warmer months. It is appreciated for it's delicate blooms and fragrant scents. Available at:, Classification | USDA PLANTS (2020). While these full sun annuals still grow in the shade, you can expect less flowering and less vibrant colors of the blossoms. USA. You can also nick the brown coating using a nail clipper before sowing. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Part of the Eckford Grandiflora group, ‘Mrs Collier’ produces up to three lime to cream flowers per stem. Truly one-of-a-kind, this particular sweet pea flaunts a charming appeal with its mauve-pink and lavender-blue flowers. The tiny insects also transmit viral diseases between plants. Sweet pea seeds germinate relatively easily. As with other flowering plants, fertilization benefits sweet pea flowers. The beautiful, fragrant flowers bloom throughout summer on long stems, adding a delightful sight to gardens or indoors in vases. With its wonderful cream colouring and unusual fragrance, Sweet Pea 'Juliet' is in a class of its own. For climbing types, prepare a trellis for added support. Or start indoors 4 to 6 weeks earlier, for transplanting. It is considered invasive or possibly invasive in some areas because of its fast growth rate and climbing habit (1). Sweet pea flowers can be found in every popular gardens due to their popularity of strong smell. Let it intertwine with paler varieties for an unforgettable contrasting display in the garden. QTY. Much of what we know about plant hybrids derives from this work in the 19th and early 20th century . Sweet pea ( Lathyrus odoratus ). Sweet pea, (Lathyrus odoratus), annual plant of the pea family (Fabaceae), widely cultivated for its beautiful, fragrant flowers. The seeds will germinate and grow in 10 to 14 days. L. odoratus or sweet peas can quickly grow from seeds. Provide some support for this rampant climber and it will reward you with stunning beauty and fragrance. These include botrytis, crown gall, leaf gall, downy mildew, powdery mildew, root rot, cottony rot, streaks, pea mosaic virus, tomato spotted wilt virus, Fusarium wilt, Verticillium wilt, and more. Before planting, soften the seed coat by soaking the seeds in water overnight. However, they are easy to control through traps or chemical or organic methods. The Sweet Pea 1. Spread a 2-inch-thick layer of mulch around plants and water them regularly for best flower production. Luckily, the stems are sturdy enough to hold up their profuse flowers. Sweet Pea ‘King Size Navy Blue’ bears up to 5 large, frilled blooms on each slender long stem, making this an excellent cut flower for filling a vase with just a few stems. The sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Islands. The plant grows about 4 ft in height at maturity. Bright red flowers with wavy edges set the Sweet Pea ‘Lipstick’ apart from other popular varieties. And if you remember your Biology 101, much early work in genetics was done at Cambridge University using the Sweet Pea. Sweet pea is a very popularly gifted flower. Here’s a quick growing and caring guide to help with your cultivation. This particular variety lasts long in the water, making them ideal as cut flowers. They are undemanding and pretty well disease free but like all plants, they benefit from good treatment. Sannse. Sweet pea flowers are also widely uses in making boutiques. Mature plants reach up to 7ft high. Available at: First introduced in 1898 by sweet pea breeder Eckford, it remains a popular cut flower today. The plant grows up to 6 ft in height and spreads up to 1 ft. Lathyrus odoratus ‘Bramdean’ is another popular modern Grandiflora variety of sweet peas. With its sweet fragrance, and multitude of colors it makes a great accompaniment for bouquets and flower arrangements. Those looking for blue or purple flowers will enjoy the ‘Floro Norton’ sweet pea. Sweet Pea is a fictional character in the Tinker Bell series. In colder zones, sweet peas should be started inside and transplanted out after the danger of frost has passed. Sweet peas are climbing plants that bear clusters of flowers in a wide variety of colors including red, pink, blue, white and lavender. The fruits and seeds of sweet peas are not edible. Without support it can be grown in a mixed annual border - … This variety frequents bouquets and summer garden shows as it is recognized for its clusters of large and frilly pink blooms and long stems. Although pruning is not necessary when growing sweet peas, regular deadheading is advisable to prolong flowering. Each creamy bloom opens to reveal a hint of apricot, accompanied by a heady sweet-pea scent with citrus overtones. The vigorous sweet pea vines grow up to 10 ft in height. You will see this variety in full bloom during summer, showcasing lovely blossoms ranging from pink to white and purple. As the specific name implies, the flowers of L. odortaus are very fragrant. Height: 180cm (71″). Fernald, M.L. This selection of 12 separate varieties has been especially chosen for exhibitions and the show bench. They're best in cool seasons like winter and early spring. As the specific name implies, the flowers of L. odortaus are very fragrant. This famed sweet pea was introduced by W. A. Burpee in 1903. Her outfit consists a leafy pink dress and a green necklace with a rose at the end. They are early summer flowers with a long season of bloom and they make excellent cut flowers. Unusual, almost black stipes on good size blooms that never fails to impress on the showbench. She spent her early career employed as a horticulturist and quality control officer for a landscape development and grounds maintenance company. You often see them beautifully arranged in bouquets or adding a nice pop of color in home gardens. ‘Karen Louise’ sweet peas are known for their luxurious sprays of pale lavender blooms. She has long waist length blond-brown hair and pale skin and blue eyes Main outfit. If planting directly on the ground, sow in fall at 2 inches deep with 6 to 12 inches plant spacing. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Hard freezes can kill the plants, but not frost fast growth rate and climbing habit ( 1.. The Tinker Bell series like butterflies in white, red, purple and pink-cream flowers with wavy,... 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